- Leam about its causes and effects. Speak about them in a calm and composed
- Keep in a handy place a torch and a portable transistor radio.
- Arrange your home in such a way that it is possible to move more easily,
keeping corridors clear of furniture and toys.
- Attach shelves, gas cylinders, vases and flowerpots to the walls of your
- Place heavy or bulky objects on the floor or on the lowest shelves.
- Teach all members of your family how to turn off the electricity, water
and gas supply.
What to do during an earthquake?
- Keep calm and keep others calm.
If you are at home or inside a building or auditorium
- Do not rush to the doors or exist; never use the lifts; keep well away
from windows, mirrors, chimneys and furniture.
- Protect yourself by staying under the lintel of an inner door, in the
comer of a room, under a table or even under a bed.
If you are in the street:
- Walk towards an open place, in a calm and composed manner. Do not run and
do not wander round the streets.
- Keep away from buildings, especially old, tall of detached buildings,
electricity wires, slopes and walls, which are liable to collapse.
If you are driving:
- Stop the vehicle away from building, walls, slopes, electricity wires and
cables, and stay in the vehicle.
What to do after an earthquake?
- Keep calm, switch on the transistor radio and obey any instructions you
hear on the radio.
- Keep away from beaches and low banks of rivers. A huge wave may sweep it.
- Turn off the water, gas and electricity.
- Do not smoke and do not light matches or use a cigarette lighter. Do not
turn on switches. There may be gas leaks or short-circuits.
- If there is a fire, try to put it out. If you cannot, call the fire
- If people are seriously injured, do not move them unless they are in
- Immediately clean up any inflammable products that may have spilled
(alcohol, paint, etc.)
- If you know that people have been buried, tell the rescue teams. Do not
rush and do not worsen the situation of injured persons or your own
- Avoid places where there are loose electric wires and do not touch any
metal object in contact with them
- Do not drink water from open containers without having examined it and
filtered it through a sieve, a filter or an ordinary clean cloth.
- Eat something. You will feel better and more capable of helping others.
- If your home is badly damaged you will have to leave it. Collect water
containers, food and ordinary and special medicines(for persons with heart
complaints, diabetes, etc.)
- Do not re-enter badly damaged buildings and do not go near damaged
- Do not walk around the streets to see what have happened. Keep clear of
the streets to enable rescue vehicles to pass.